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Topics: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder Pages: 6 (2208 words) Published: July 18, 2013
Sleep deprivation can have a variety of affects on the body. From my own personal experience, I will relate a time in which I did not get enough sleep to the typical affects experienced by those deprived of sleep. Additionally, sleep disorders that may result in sleep deprivation will be evaluated in addition to their treatment methods. A situation in which I did not have enough sleep occurred one evening in which I worked very late at night and had to catch a flight the following morning. My work shift ended in the middle of the early morning, and it took me forty-five minutes to get home. As my flight was quickly approaching, I knew that I would have to wake up after only getting a few hours of sleep in order to get prepared and drive to the airport so that I would arrive at least an hour and a half before my scheduled flight. As a result of my lack of sleep I noticed many negative changes in my mood, behavior, cognitive, and motor skills. In regard to my mood, I was very irritable even quite unpleasant to be around. I was extremely lethargic, and my behavior was quite different from the norm; I was acting unsociably. My cognitive skills were also affected in that I had a complicated time recalling things. I also was having difficulty in thinking about logical matters. Overall, I felt mentally slow and my motor skills reacted much the same. It was obvious to me that my sleep deprivation largely influenced these aspects. My experience of sleep deprivation certainly coincided with some of the effects described in the text. The first similarity in my experience and that of typical experience per the text was related to my mood. The text mentions that people may feel crabby; this is something in which I certainly experienced (Pinel, 2008). Additionally, as the day progressed I felt increasingly tired and was more liable to simply passing out almost anywhere in the airport and on the airplane. The text states that individuals who are deprived of sleep often experience the same feelings of extreme tiredness throughout the day as described above (Pinel, 2008). In contrast, I felt as though my cognitive and motor skills were slower than they typically were; however, the text states that cognitive and motor skills may still function normally until about 72 hours of being deprived of sleep (Pinel, 2008). Overall, I believe that my experience in sleep deprivation was comparable to the aspects of both mood and increased tiredness throughout the day. However, as the text notes, every person may experience different symptoms, which may account for why I felt as though my cognitive and motor skills were less than perfect (Pinel, 2008). There are numerous effects that can occur to the body if long-term sleep reduction is experienced. Firstly, there is an increase in sleep efficiency, decreased time in falling asleep, decreased number of awakenings during sleep, and an increase in the time spent in stage four of sleep (Pinel, 2008). The negative affects of long-term sleep reduction can cause constant tiredness. Additionally, individuals who endure long-term sleep reduction may find themselves sleeping less throughout the evening and slowly but surely settling at around the average amount of hours in which they have been reduced to sleeping (Pinel, 2008). Overall, long term sleep reduction can affect an individual by increasing their sleep efficiency, which results in periods of tiredness while decreasing the amount of sleep an individual needs over a period of time. There are numerous sleeping disorders that may result in sleep deprivation; they are categorized as either insomnia or hypersomnia. Insomnia occurs when sleep cannot be maintained or initiated. A type of insomnia known as iatrogenic comes from taking sleeping pills as they become addictive (Pinel, 2008); this condition may be treated only when the patient is not dependent on sleeping pills (known as benzodiazepines). An additional type of insomnia results in an individual...

References: Axia College of University of Phoenix. (2008). Reading: Ch.12 in Basics of
Biopsychology
May 29, 2011
Roberto Vado
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