THE PRECEDENT OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN INDIA
IN RELATION TO THE EDUCATION
Sanat Kumar Mallick.
PhD Scholar, University of Calcutta
Abstract: Women empowerment is a debatable matter. At earlier time they were getting equal status with other men. But they had faced some difficulties during post-Vedicand epic ages. From early twenty century their statuses have been changed slowly and gradually. After the, Independence of India, the national leaders strongly demand equal social position of women with men. It is the matter of joy that, today the women occupied the respectable positions in all walks of the fields. Yet, they have not absolutely free of some discrimination and harassment. They were not allowed to own property, they did not have a share in the property of their parents, they had no voting rights, had no freedom to choose their work or job and so on. In a word, they were indifferent from the patrimonial societies. Now that we have come out of those dark days of oppression of women there is a need for strong movement to fight for the rights of women and to ensure that they get all the rights which men have or in other words a movement for the empowerment of women of the society. Whatever, the discrimination against women, it is always culture specific. In this context, the empowerment of tribal women is so essential. Generally the Tribals are deprived of their rights to livelihood. The languages, cultures, social arrangements are side lined by the established majority, dominant groups religious. The struggles for assertion are brutally suppressed. This paper gives a broad overview about the tribal women empowerment India, highlighting certain related issues that need to be addressed for making equal world.
‘Empowerment’ means to invest with power. It is defined as the ability to influence the behaviour of others with or without restraint. Generally it is an individual item of self -development. It also means taking control of one’s own life. In present context education is seen as the most important element for growth and prosperity of a society, of a state and of a nation. Only educated women can lead the societies. The education which invests power in somebody else for growth and prosperityor lead a meaningful dignified and civilized way of life that is called educational empowerment. The National Policy on Education 1986 mentions thus: “Education will be used as an agent of basic change in the status of women. In order to neutralize the accumulated distortion of the past, there will be a well-conceived edge in favour of women. The national system will play a positive, interventioning role in the empowerment of women. It will develop new values through redesigned curricula, textbooks, the training and orientation of teachers, decision makers and administrators, the active involvement of educational institutions. This will be an act of faith and social engineering. Women’s studies will be promoted as part of various courses and educational institutions encouraged taking up active programmes to further women’s development. According to Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, there still exists unequal access to educational resources owing to various factors. Shri Kalam says, there are three types of families in Indian villages i) Advantageous and lucky ones who feel every importance of educating the young ones at the expense of everything, guide them at all critical stages due to their financial status and stability; ii)Uninformed and ignorant class of families who might realize the importance of education but are unaware of the opportunities in time nor the procedures and ways to realize these opportunities for their children and iii) weaker class- these category of families do not realize the value of education and hence for generations together their children are neglected and continue to live in poverty. However, tribal women face problems and challenges in getting a...
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