demonstrative Communication

Topics: Nonverbal communication, Communication, Eye contact Pages: 4 (1069 words) Published: April 21, 2014

Demonstrative Communication
Dave Koskinen
April 12, 2014
Michael W. Simmons

Demonstrative communication, otherwise known as nonverbal communication, is the portion of communication that does not include the spoken word. Nonverbal communication is the expressive signals one sends out, usually subconsciously, that help a person communicate clearly and effectively.

The study of nonverbal communication includes seven different expressive variations: Chronemics, proxemics, oculesics, kinesics, haptics, vocalics, and personal style. Each one of these mostly subconscious conveyances plays an important role to both the message sender and receiver in the communication process. There is an abundance of nonverbal, emotional information packed in to any personal conversation between people.

Chronemics, the study of the use of time in personal communication, involves things such as cutting a conversation short because of a lack of time, and the amount of time it takes to communicate a message. Some people communicate in a rushed, hurried manner, while others are more slow and deliberate. Some people focus on one topic at a time, and others multitask, bringing up several topics at once.

Proxemics studies the distance that people stand apart from one another while communicating. In the United States, intimate distance is from physical contact to 18 inches apart, Personal distance is from 18 inches to 4 feet, Social distance is from 4 feet to 12 feet, and public distance is 12 feet or greater. Because this distance varies from culture to culture, it may be necessary to adjust differences through trial and error in intercultural settings (2005). When studying proxemics, the distance generally matches the message; that is, someone is more likely to share confidential information in the intimate or personal zone than the public zone. It would be highly unusual to see someone get up in front of a large business conference and discuss his...

References: Preston, P. (2005). Proxemics in clinical and administrative settings. Journal of Healthcare Management, 50(3), 151-4. Retrieved from
Patients 'trust eye contact '. (2013). Optometry Today, 53(21), 6.
Cheesebro, T., O ' Connor, L., & Rios, F. (2010). Communicating in the workplace (2nd ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix
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