1. What do the majority of rail movements involve? Low value, heavy commodities
2. The basic unit of measurement for railroad freight handling is known as the: Carload
3. Which type of railroad car has the greatest numbers in service? Covered hopper
4. Who are the owners the greatest percentage of rolling stock in use? Class I railroads
5. What is the standard track gauge in the U.S? 4' 8.5"
6. Which of the following helped lead to the erosion of rail dominance in U.S. transportation? Government funded construction of roads
A - Diesel engine B - Alternator/generator C - Traction motor
8. Was AMTRAK created before or after the economic deregulation of railroads? Before- Amtrak was created in 1971 and railroads were finally deregulated with the Staggers Act of 1980. 9. Why was the knuckle coupler such an important development for the railroads? It greatly improved safety when coupling and uncoupling cars.
10. Why is a U.S. freight locomotive call a "diesel-electric"? A diesel engine drives a generator/alternator which in turn drives electric traction motors that turn the wheels.
11. How is Class I railroad status determined? Annual Revenue 12. How many Class I freight railroads are there in the U.S.? Seven
13. Why was AMTRAK established? Relieved the railroads from the burden of having to provide passenger rail transportation.
14. List five (5) U.S. Class I railroads by their official abbreviations: CSX, NS, UP, BNSF, KCS, CN, CP
15. What did the Rail Reorganization Act of 1973 create? Conrail
16. In what year was the U.S. transcontinental railroad completed? 1869
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