Theology Midterm Review

Topics: God, Religion, Jesus Pages: 7 (2041 words) Published: March 12, 2014
Theology Review Sheet
Tillich- Faith is the ultimate concern
Tilley- irreducible source of meaning and center of energy.
Four Misunderstands of faith according to Tilley
Reduces faith to believing things
Equates having faith with behaving morally
Reduces faith into something that we feel “deep in our souls” Equates faith as being religious
Buddha- The Awakened one/ the enlightened one
Pascal’s Wager- It posits that humans all bet with their lives either that God exists or does not exist. Skeptical Rationalism- Faith is not acceptable if there is no proof or something to back it up. Ex: If person A says he loves person B because she is kind but if you cant prove person B is kind then your faith does not exist They believe that faith is an irrational belief that a proposition is true. Believing Rationalism- Reduces faith to one’s acceptance of some proposition as true. Accept belief based on faith. One accepts the revelation on fith because God can neither deceiver nor be deceeivered.v If one can show that it is rational to accept such propositions, one has shown that the faith founded on those propositions s reasonable. Argue that a reasonable person can accept a propositioin such as “god exists” and that this reasonableness is a foundation for his faith. The Gallup Fallacy-We commit a Gallup fallacy if we infer that such acceptance of a proposition says much about a person’s or nation’s faith. If we say catholic jews muslims and most vaguely religious people have the “same faith” Immanence- Feeling of closeness to one’s God

Who god is? Where god to be found?
Interpretative community
How bible became a book
Changing interpretations over time by different community emphasizes the fact that its not most important what something is but how we interpret it It doesn’t matter who wrote it or how it was created but it’s important who the READER is. Christ- Jesus’s title, the messiah or the savior.

Historical-Critical Criticism- is a branch of literary criticism that investigates the origins of ancient text in order to understand "the world behind the text". (HOW BIBLE BECAME A BOOK) The primary goal of historical criticism is to ascertain the text's primitive or original meaning in its original historical context The secondary goal seeks to establish a reconstruction of the historical situation of the author and recipients of the text. The Bible and where it came to be and what it meant at the time. Who wrote it? Oral teaching and then shift to written text. This creates big changes in society. Gospels not eyewitnesses. Not biography

The Four Passing Sights- Buddha or Siddhartha discovered old age, disease, death, and a monk 1st sight he saw an old man
2nd sight he saw diseased
3rd sight he saw a dead body
4th sight he saw a hindu monk.
Four Noble Truths- what Buddha preached at the core of his teachings. . His key discoveries 1. Dukkha- there is suffering
2, the cause of suffering is desire
3. Suffering ceases when desire ceases
4. The way to achieve that is through the eight fold path
Eightfold Path-Buddha’s prescription to removing desire and reach nirvana, a state freed from desire. The Middle Way-  Buddha describes the middle way as a path of moderation, between the extremes of sensual indulgence and self-mortification. This, according to him, was the path of wisdom. He realized this principal when he joined hindu ascetics and almost died. Cant have too much or too little.

Rejects self-deprivation or self indulgence.
The Bo Tree
Where he got enlightenment
Under the tree he was tested by the temptation by mara.

Textualization of ancient Israel- How the bible became a book. It went from predominately oral teachings or traditions to written words. When a culture moves from oral tradition to written texts as a basis of authority, this is a radical shift in the social center of eduation. The shift from oral to written creates a profound cultural shift. Spread of literacy...
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