Chapter 3, Society and Culture
The elements of the cultures can be defined like the ideas and "things" that a generation teach to the next in a society, this include the knowledge, beliefs, values, rules and laws, languages, customs, symbols and material product, but, all of this "things" are change according the part of the globe in where you are. Culture is the guidelines for living and provide us with the tools to live with each other in a society.
With the pass of the time culture has changed; the events through the history had a lot of influence on this, the necessities of the people and the way to survive of the groups, communities and societies advance with the progress of technology and how the environment change around them. The industry has change our responsabilities, in the past the care of the plants in a agriculture community was harder than today with the help of all the machines. If we see further in the past and compare the possibilities that people have than today, we can realize that we the evolution of the life, humans change their develop to survive and with this the culture change, because people, in groups, communities or societies are the structure of the culture.
The ethnocentrism and the cultural relativism are different forms of think about culture. The ethnocentrism is view one's own group and it's cultural expectations as right, that means that a group do not accept anything that is not in their culture or goes against it, while the cultural relativism just accept that there are different cultures, may be these new costumes go in contrast to our own beliefs, but, accept the beliefs and the behavior of one society not means that we are agree with them.
The three theoretical paradigms:
In the micro level we find the Symbolic Interaction theory that considers how we learn to share meanings of symbols, the humans created symbols and our humanness comes from the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document